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1. Kartarpur Corridor

About Guru Nanak Dev ji

  • He was the founder of Sikhism (the first of the ten Sikh Gurus) and a Bhakti saint.

  • He was born in 1469 in Nanakana Sahib, Punjab, Pakistan and died in Kartarpur, Pakistan.

  • Guru Nanak and Sikhism were influenced by the nirguni (formless God) tradition of Bhakti movement in medieval India.

  • Government of India has decided to commemorate 550th Birth Anniversary of Shri Guru Nanak Dev Ji from November, 2018 at national as well as international level by building Kartarpur Corridor.

1.1 Kartarpur Corridor

  • About the Project: The proposed project will connect the Dera Baba Nanak Sahib Gurdwara in India's state of Punjab to the Gurdwara Darbar Sahib Kartarpur shrine in Narowal district of Pakistan's Punjab province which is reportedly to be completed before the 550th anniversary of Guru Nanak Dev in November 2019. The length of the corridor is about 4 km, 2 km on either side of the international border and runs cross over Ravi River.

  • About Gurdwara: It was ordered by Maharaja of Patiala between 1921-1929 and is believed to be place where Nanak ji spent about last 18 years of his life.

  • Protocol on Visits to Religious Shrines: Pilgrimages between India and Pakistan are governed by the 1974 Protocol on Visits to Religious Shrines, which includes a list of shrines in Pakistan and India open for visitors from the other country, and for which visas are required. The Kartarpur Corridor, which will provide visa-free access from India to the shrine inside Pakistan may need a separate treaty.

  • Importance of Corridor: Every year Sikh pilgrims from India travel to Pakistan to offer prayers at the Gurudwara. The Kartarpur corridor will provide smooth and easy passage to pilgrims to visit Gurdwara Darbar Sahib throughout the year. It would act as a bridge between the people of the two countries.

 

1.2 My Son Temple Complex

About My Son Temple

  • It is a cluster of abandoned and partially ruined Hindu temples in Vietnam, constructed between the 4th and the 14th century AD by the Champa kings of Vietnam.

  • It has been recognized by UNESCO as a world heritage site.

  • Here many temples were built to the Hindu divinities such as Krishna and Vishnu, but most importantly to Shiva. (the most important of which is Bhadreshvara.)

  • The temples have a variety of architectural designs symbolizing the greatness and purity of Mount Meru, the mythical sacred mountain home of Hindu gods at the center of the universe.

  • They are constructed in fired brick with stone pillars and decorated with sandstone bas-reliefs depicting scenes from Hindu mythology

  • The Archaeological Survey of India is undertaking the restoration of three temple groups at My Son. Nongkrem Dance Festival

1.2.1 About the Nongkrem Dance Festival

  • It is an annual dance festival celebrated for the harvest thanksgiving and for peace and prosperity for all the community people.

  • It is one of the most important festival of Khasi tribe – Hima Khyrim during which men, women and children dance to the tunes of drums and pipes

  • The celebration begins with the sacrifice of a goat. In fact, the the word Nongkrem means “goat killing ceremony”.

  • A special dance is performed by the men called ‘Ka Shad Mastieh’ in which they hold sword in their right hand and a whisks in left hand.

November Art and Culture

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